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Yangon

 

Yangon, the commercial city, is the main gateway to Myanmar. Yangon was founded by King Alaungpaya in 1775 on the site of a small settlement called Dagon. The name Yangon means “End of Strife” which was Anglicized to Rangoon after the British annexed in 1855. The present day Yangon covers about 350sq.km with a population of over 5.5 millions.

GETTING TO YANGON

Yangon International Airport has direct airlink with Bangkok, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Chiang Mai, Kolkata, Gaya, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Seoul, Doha, Dhaka, Kunming, Nanning, Taipei, Ho Chi Minh, Ha Noi, Siem Reap, Phnom Penh and Guangzhou. Regularly 8 Domestic Air Lines connect Yangon to Mandalay, Bagan, Heho, Kyaing Tong (Keng Tung), Tachileik, Thandwe, Kawthaung and other tourist destinations. There are regular rail services and coaches from Yangon to major cities in the States and Regions.

HIGHLIGHTS OF YANGON
Shwe Dagon Pagoda

The Shwe Dagon Pagoda, one of the wonders of the world, is the prominent landmark visible from miles around. The Pagoda has a height of 326 feet. The Shwe Dagon Pagoda where the four Buddhas’ relics were enshrined, is believed to have been built more than 2600 years ago, that is during the Buddha’s lifetime. The Shwe Dagon Pagoda is the holiest place of worship to Buddhists all over the world and the whole complex is practically a work of art. Most of the buildings around the Pagoda are decorated with the best specimens of Myanmar painting and sculpture. A visit to Yangon is incomplete without a visit to the Shwe Dagon Pagoda.

Sule Pagoda

The Sule Pagoda is situated in the centre of the city, across the City Hall. It stands 46m high and it is also one of the excellent landmarks of Yangon.

Botahtaung Pagoda

It is located on the Botahtaung Pagoda Road, situated beside the Yangon River and only one that you can see inside of the relics chamber. It was named after 1,000 Military leaders who escorted relics of the Buddha from India to Myanmar over 2,000 years ago. It contains hair relics of the Buddha.

Chauk Htat Gyi Pagoda

The Chauk Htat Gyi Pagoda, 65.72 meter long reclining Buddha, is one of the largest images in Myanmar. The original image was built in 1907 and was demolished in 1957 and it was built to this structure in 1966.

Colonial Buildings

There are some colonial buildings situated in downtown of Yangon. The highlights are City Hall, High Court, former Ministerial Office and some government buildings.

Kaba Aye Pagoda

The Kaba Aye Pagoda meaning World Peace Pagoda was built in 1952. This pagoda was significant for the Sixth World Buddhist Synod which was held in Maha Pasana Guha (Cave) within the same compound during 1954. The Buddhist Art Museum is also located in the same compound and it has a wide collection of religious paraphernalia and Buddhist texts.

MUSEUMS IN YANGON
National Museum

The National Museum is located on Pyay Road, and it has five floors of exhibits. The 8m-high Lion Throne of King Thibaw, the last Myanmar King, the Royal Regalia of 19th century, the artifacts of various ancient periods, manuscripts, traditional dresses of various ethnic groups, traditional musical instruments, paintings etc are displayed in the museum.

Myanma Gems Museum and Gems Mart

Myanma Gems Museum is located on Kaba Aye Pagoda Road, close to the Kaba Aye Pagoda. It displays very famous precious stones of Myanmar such as rubies, jades, sapphires and pearls. It also houses the Gems Mart and sells raw gemstones, polished and various kinds of jewellery.

Bogyoke Aung San Museum (General Aung San Museum)

This is located near the Kandawgyi Park and General lived there till he was assassinated, displaying his biography and daily utensils.


 

SHOPPING
Bogyoke Aung San Market

Bogyoke Market (also known as Scott Market) is located at the downtown of Yangon with over 1,200 stalls. Being the largest in Yangon, Bogyoke Aung San Market is one of the best places for shopping souvenirs – Myanmar traditional handicrafts, gems and jewellery, lacquer ware, and modern items are readily available.

China Town- 19th street.

It’s located about 15 minutes walking distance from the city centre. It starts busy around 5pm to till mid-night, a famous place for Chinese foods, sea foods, barbecue and beer. It’s the best place to enjoy night life in Yangon.


Circular Train Ride

More in the category of sightseeing rather than transportation, the Yangon Circular train is a slow-moving, not particularly comfortable three-hour exciting trip around Yangon and the neighbouring countryside. However, it’s a great way to experience commuter life in the big city. You can always hop off at any station and take a taxi back to city centre. Be aware that every train doesn’t always do the full circuit, after reaching a station two hours from Yangon Central Station, some train headed back to the Yangon Central Station.

RECREATIONAL PARKS
Kandawgyi Garden & Lake

Kandawgyi Lake is located in the center of Yangon, a walking distance from the Shwedagon Pagoda. Now, Kandawgyi Garden is upgraded comprising the education zone, relaxation zone and recreation zone. Children playground and Mini Zoo are additional pleasures of the park.

People’s Square and People’s Park

People’s Square and People’s Park is located at the western stairways of Shwe Dagon Pagoda and situated on an area of over 130 acres of land between U Wizara Road and Pyay Road. There is a Myanmar Culture Valley Shopping Mall and a museum housing life-sized models of nationalities in their colorful dresses.

Hlawga Wildlife Park

Hlawga Wildlife Park is about 45 minutes drive from Yangon and it covers 7 square km of land. The park is an ideal place for bird watching, elephant rides and picnicking and it is home to over 70 kinds of herbivorous animals and 90 species of birds.

ENVIRONS OF YANGON
Bago

Bago, formerly known as Hanthawaddy of Mon Kingdom in 15th century, is located about 80km from Yangon. Among the many places of cultural heritage is the Shwemawdaw Pagoda, the huge reclining Buddha of Shwetharlyaung, the four giant Buddha images of Kyaikpun Pagoda and the excavation site and restoration work of Kanbawzathadi, the palace of famous King Bayintnaung who is the founder of Second Myanmar Empire.

Allied War Memorial Cemetery

Allied War Memorial Cemetery is located at Htaukkyant, 32km from Yangon, on the way Bago. It is a memorial cemetery of Allied soldiers who died in Myanmar Campaign during World War II. The cemetery is peaceful and its beautifully kept grounds have 27,000 grave stones of Commonwealth and Allied soldiers.

Thanlyin (Syriam)

Thanlyin (Syriam) lies 45 minutes drive from Yangon crossing the Bago River. It was once an important trading port of Portugese in the early 17th century. Kyaik Khauk Pagoda in Thanlyin and Yele Pagoda in Kyauktan are some of the places of interest. National Races Village is situated on the left of Yangon-Thanlyin Bridge.

Twante

Twante is situated 24km from Yangon and a boat trip along the Twante Canal takes about two hours. It is also accessible by car. It is noted for its pottery and cotton weaving industries. From where, visitors can enjoy the rural life along the famous canal of Twante, a short cut across the Irrewaddy Delta Region.

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